The best varieties of strawberries: photos and descriptions (catalog)
Almost all unconditionally adore strawberries, but not everyone knows how different its varieties are. They differ in taste and ripening period, and with some you can even harvest twice a year. In order not to confuse you, we have prepared a selection of the best strawberry varieties with photos and descriptions of the best of them!
Early strawberry varieties
They give their first long-awaited harvest at the end of spring. This strawberry appears first, but its taste is not inferior to the latter. Some hybrids even noticeably outperform other varieties.
The Danish variety grows in tall bushes with large leaves and powerful peduncles. The fruits are quite dark, ripen at the same time and tolerate transportation well.
But such a strawberry is very sensitive to frost. In winter, Strawberry Marshmallow necessarily needs shelter, because without snow it is likely to die. At the same time, the berries are easily frozen and do not lose their shape and taste.
The Italian variety is amazingly resistant to heat and sudden temperature changes, so it feels great in the south. Clery's strawberries are resistant to most diseases and give a stable, very sweet and fragrant crop.
The berries have a conical shape, but it may be slightly irregular. But they are almost the same in size, very sweet and with an expressive aroma.
Hothouse Dutch strawberries will not survive in the open ground, but in the greenhouse will give a luxurious early harvest. The berries are very large, with a fresh and light sour-sweet taste.
It is difficult for the Elsant to propagate independently, because she has few sockets and antennae. But all the difficulties are compensated by the very appetizing large berries, ripening literally before our eyes.
The young variety has already rapidly gained popularity around the world. And all because it is very frost-resistant and gives large berries with a rich taste. Alba is easy to propagate and has many mustaches and sockets, but it does not tolerate drought.
Alba's bushes are medium in size, so don't take up too much space. Large leaves give the necessary penumbra and protect the berries from heat and sun.
Another Dutch variety has an unusual shape of berries that resemble a heart. Although the strawberries are relatively small, only up to 20 g, they have a very bright caramel flavor.
The bushes themselves are compact, weakly covered with antennae, so that they can be planted quite densely. And they are densely covered with leaves that protect the berry from heat and external influences.
Late Strawberry Varieties
Late strawberries succeed when the early varieties have finished bearing fruit. Some species give a harvest before the fall, which means that all this time on the table will be fresh and fragrant berry!
The young variety has already gained enormous popularity due to its high yield and large fragrant berries. The fruits are quite dark and glossy, and the bushes feel good in the south and north.
Bohemia ripens by mid-June and gives a plentiful crop of medium-sized berries - about 50 g. It is completely insensitive to weather changes, rain, dampness and fungal diseases.
Strawberries Pegasus is very good: smooth, neat, perfect regular shape, with a delicate sweet and sour taste. The variety is resistant to late blight, wilting, strawberry mite and other typical problems.
The main drawback of Pegasus is the susceptibility of the variety to powdery mildew, so preventive treatments can not be dispensed with. During transportation, dense berries almost do not crumple, do not deteriorate and do not release juice.
It is valued for large berries and fantastic resistance to disease and frost. The bushes grow low, but very powerful. The berries have an unusual cherry hue and a slightly sour taste with dense pulp.
The UK gives up to 2 kg per bush, and the size of each berry can reach 120 g. Although berries are more often found more modestly - about 90 g. Bear in mind that their properties and taste are severely affected by heat and lack of moisture.
Charlotte is appreciated for the incredible taste and delicate aroma of berries, despite the fact that the crop is not too rich. But so that these properties are revealed in all its glory, it is important to wait until full maturity.
The fruits of strawberries are not too big - about 30 g, and from the bush you can collect on average up to 0.7 kg. But the variety is resistant to pests and rarely gets sick. And with proper care, berries have an interesting strawberry aftertaste.
The German variety is appreciated for its resistance to dampness and prolonged rain, because strawberries have excellent immunity to fungus and rot. The crop is not very large, but the berries are sweet, with a rich taste and unpretentious during transportation.
On hot days, Malvina must be watered abundantly, because it is a moisture-loving variety. Its yield is average - up to 0.9 kg per bush, and the size of the fruits themselves is about 40 g.
Strawberry Repairing Varieties
The advantage of such varieties is increased productivity. Therefore, with proper care for the season, you can even get the berry twice. These are breeding hybrids that are resistant to adverse conditions and extremely unpretentious.
A fairly old American variety is notable for very large berries and the same large leaves on the bushes. This strawberry is very fragrant, and from one stem up to 2 kg of the crop is obtained.
Albion begins to bear fruit at the beginning of summer and ends at its end. If agricultural technology is observed for the season, you can collect as many as three crops, but it is difficult to grow such strawberries in the middle lane.
The Dutch variety is notable for its powerful spreading shrubs with large leaves that protect against overheating. The berries are large and juicy, sweet and sour with tender flesh.
This is a good choice for the southern regions, because it is almost impossible to overheat such strawberries. But because of this, she has a rather low winter hardiness. But the berries tolerate long transportation well.
The English hybrid is easy to distinguish even by the shape of the bushes - they have very long peduncles. This is an early and large-fruited variety, and from one bush it turns out up to 3 kg of berries. The taste is clearly visible expressive, but gentle musky notes.
The first crop can be harvested already in late spring, and the last - before the autumn frosts. The bushes have a very powerful root system, so they are insensitive to external stimuli.
This is one of the largest strawberry varieties with powerful antennae and wave-like flowering. The first crop can be obtained in May, and the last in September. Fragrant berries grow to 45 g and have a delicate dessert flavor.
Elizabeth is not the most winter-hardy and durable variety, and in a couple of years the berries on the plantation will begin to grow smaller. But the bushes are almost insensitive to powdery mildew and all kinds of rot.
This is a fragrant domestic variety that is suitable for the conditions of the Central regions. Spherical bushes with pinkish lashes look very interesting on their own.
The berries are bright, shiny, fragrant and juicy, and the crop begins in early June. Of the shortcomings - sensitivity to fungal diseases and exacting agricultural practices.
Large-fruited strawberry varieties
From the name it is easy to guess that these are varieties united by the size of the fruit. They may have different ripening times, but each berry grows steadily to 100 g or more.
The Dutch variety is so large and tall that a maximum of four shrubs coexist on one square. For strawberries to grow large, they need a lot of sun and intensive watering.
Gigantella belongs to mid-season varieties, and harvesting twice is rather problematic. But the large and bright berries of the first assembly can weigh 125 g. Moreover, even frost and rainy days do not affect their taste.
This is the most popular domestic large-fruited variety with giant berries. The hybrid is resistant to most diseases and fungi, but does not survive drought and too hot days.
Masha is the very strawberry that can easily weigh 100 g or more. At the same time, the bushes are not too large, and the antennae grow in large numbers and perfectly take root.
This is one of the oldest varieties among all that are popular today. Strawberry Marshall was bred at the end of the nineteenth century, and it has been preserved until now thanks to its amazing resistance to fungi and temperature changes.
Strawberries have a very strong and strong root system, so that it easily tolerates light droughts. The fruits have an interesting triangular shape, and pronounced sourness is read in the taste.
Among large-fruited varieties, Maxim is best suited for freezing and processing. The bushes grow very intensively, with thick stems and stalks.
Some argue that the taste of strawberries Maxim slightly resembles sweet tomatoes. Irregularly shaped berries are regularly found, but this does not affect their quality.
The popular late hybrid is very hardy, but does not tolerate heat and southern climate. The fruits are not only large, but also fragrant, therefore, mandatory treatment from pests is needed.
When breeding a hybrid, another popular variety was used - Ziger. And the breeders managed to maintain its best features, so that the berries grow strong and resilient.