How to water an orchid at home
To indoor orchid pleased with lush and beautiful flowering, it is not enough just the right lighting or regular dressing. Watering a plant is fundamentally important, because such a special root system requires the same special approach. And we will tell which one!
Water Requirements for Irrigation
For watering, you need warm water so that the orchid does not freeze. The optimum temperature is a few degrees above room temperature, but below 35 degrees. If you have several pots, be sure to change the pelvis after each in case someone turns out to be affected by a fungus or illness.
Take filtered or well-defended soft water, otherwise tap salts will settle on the walls of the pot. You can reduce stiffness with oxalic acid: a teaspoon of 5 liters. A sure sign that water is not suitable is yellowing of leaves in the absence of other obvious reasons.
Different varieties of orchids have different watering requirements, so focus on the characteristics of your flower. There is no unified scheme, because while some species love moisture, others prefer it so that the soil dries almost to the end. To avoid transfusion, equip a good drainage of foam or small gravel with a minimum thickness of 4 cm.
When to water
Orchid is the flower that tolerates mild drought better than waterlogging. The easiest way to keep track of whether it is time to water the orchid in a transparent plastic pot with drainage holes. If there is condensation on the walls - wait until it disappears, wait a couple more days, and water it.
If the roots inside look healthy and are bright green, do nothing. And when the roots of the orchid brighten or turn pale - it's time to water it. While the soil is dry on top, but the pot is still wet - spray the flower with a spray.
How to water an orchid
Classic top watering from a bottle or watering can for an orchid is not suitable. Draw water into a deep basin so that it does not reach a few centimeters to the edge of the pot. Or put an orchid in an empty basin and pour warm water on top of it until it rises to the same level. After 15-20 minutes, you can take out the pot and leave it to drain in the bathroom.
About once a month, pour an orchid from the shower under a small pressure at a temperature of 38-42 degrees. After half an hour, wipe the leaves, young shoots and the core of the outlet with a paper towel. This procedure stimulates the growth and appearance of buds, and at the same time helps to get rid of fungus and parasites.
Spraying the roots
Orchid is a rare flower that can be grown without soil in special blocks, and then the roots dry out much faster. Use a spray gun with a fine spray nozzle. When the roots turn white, spray them until a healthy green color is restored.
Watering after purchase
A store orchid in peat or any other transportation soil can simply be watered from above. But do not over tighten, otherwise the roots will quickly rot. It is important not to fall on the leaves, peduncles, and especially on the growth point in the middle of the outlet. The first 5-7 days, leave the flower in quarantine and do not water at all in order to identify possible diseases and parasites.
Watering orchids after transplanting
After transplanting the orchid into the special soil of its fields immediately for the first time and then take a break for two weeks. During this time, it adapts to new conditions, because in a stressful situation, an excess of moisture is especially harmful. After that, switch to the standard mode for adult indoor flowers.
Watering orchids during flowering
The frequency of watering an orchid can be increased, but the most important thing is not to get water on the petals, otherwise they will rot and fall off. If the room is too dry and hot, gently spray the flowerpot, but take care of the middle of the flowers. In normal operation, water only the roots several times a week when the soil dries.
How to water an orchid in summer
It is hot in summer, therefore the frequency of watering the orchid must be increased in proportion to the temperature around. On average, this is about 2-3 times a week, but focus on your variety and soil condition. Make sure that the wet flower does not fall under the direct midday sun, because this is fraught with burns.
How to water an orchid in winter
In winter, the orchid does not hibernate and can even actively bloom, so you can not completely stop watering it. Reduce the frequency to once every 1.5-2 weeks, but so that the soil does not dry out too much. Be sure to leave the orchid to drain well, because in winter an excess of moisture is the right way not only to rot, but also to hypothermia. If you send a flower to the shower, leave it overnight in the bathroom so that there is no sharp temperature difference.