Hyacinth (65 photos): types and features of care
Hyacinth is the most unpretentious and versatile king of flower beds. It blooms with the first warming and pleases with colorful fragrant flowers. Hyacinths come in all colors of the rainbow: from white to dark purple, and even a beginner gardener can cope with the care. We tell in more detail!
Each hyacinth inflorescence resembles an independent lush bush or bouquet. Despite its exotic origin, it can be grown in almost any latitude. He came to us from Africa, Asia Minor and the Mediterranean, but he easily adapts to the cold Russian regions.
Even if you are just starting to be interested in flowers, you probably came across hyacinths in the spring. They are often presented in flowerpots instead of bouquets for spring holidays. Many people mistakenly believe that after flowering the plant dies, but in fact, with simple care, it will live for several years.
Hyacinths are grassy and rather low, with a round root-bulb. From the fleshy stem, dense volumetric leaves disperse, which cover the base of the shoot. Inflorescence brushes consist of small bells of 5 petals each. Moreover, they are not necessarily monophonic - there are spectacular motley varieties.
Types of Hyacinths
Hyacinths are actively used by florists, decorators, landscape designers and gardeners around the world. Not surprisingly, in addition to wild varieties, dozens of decorative ones have already been bred. Now let's find out which of them are the most popular!
For a long time, mouse hyacinth was generally attributed to a different species - to lily. It is found in steppes, meadows and forest edges, it is distinguished by an unusual barrel-shaped form of flowers in volumetric brushes on the bare arrow. Based on wild mouse hyacinth, more than 50 decorative home varieties were bred.
Rather, it is not even a variety, but a whole series of cultivated subspecies - only about 400 variations and colors. Flowers can be ordinary, multi-flowered or double, but they are always collected in bulk loose inflorescences. The bulbs of such hyacinth are quite dangerous, because they contain oxalic acid toxic to humans. But colchicine from leaves and stems is widely used in medicine and cosmetology.
Whitish Oriental Hyacinth
This variety is also called galtonia or Franco-Roman hyacinth. Its features are high growth and several peduncles on one bush at once. They are short and weak, but very delicate and elegant due to hanging bell-shaped flowers. In southern countries, the bulb of a whitish hyacinth tolerates wintering without digging.
This is a rare wild variety that is difficult to find in nature, but it is very appreciated by breeders when crossing. It grows in the Kopetdag region in the mountains at an altitude of up to 2000 meters in the shelter of juniper trees. Rigid fleshy leaves protect rare inflorescences from 4-10 blue bells.
This wild-growing variety got its name from the name of the Russian florist who first described it. It is stunted, with broad bluish leaves and 2-3 peduncles with odorless curved petals cut. Hyacinth or hyacinth Litvinova in nature grows in Turkey, Libya, Syria, Iran and Lebanon. In some regions, it is listed in the Red Book.
Water hyacinth is not suitable for a house - but this is a real wonder of Brazilian sailors. And all because flowers with large elastic leaves grow rapidly and cover the rivers with an impenetrable blue-purple carpet. The plant is kept afloat due to the unusual structure of the cuttings with a porous thickening.
Hyacinths are so undemanding that they feel great literally everywhere: both in the yard and on the windowsill. Unless in the apartment you have to recreate conditions similar to natural ones!
Although hyacinth is very early, it does not tolerate severe colds, drafts and temperature extremes. Its ideal mode is about +20 degrees, maximum - with short and slight spring cooling. In the summer, we recommend taking out a room pot on an open balcony - it is useful for him.
Hyacinth is in great need of the sun, and the more the better. Choose a well-lit area or southern windows so that the flower can bask under the rays all day. Otherwise, you have to pre-purchase special phytolamps. From time to time turn the home flowerpot so that the plant does not deform while it reaches the sun.
Hyacinth is very sensitive to excess moisture, so you will have to water it often, but very carefully. If water gets on the leaves or stem, the flower is likely to rot. If possible, use submersible watering and minimize the number of watering cans and hoses. Hyacinth can not be sprayed at all, regardless of the temperature around.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
Hyacinths like top dressing and feeding with universal fertilizers. Especially, home flowerpots, which are constantly lacking useful components. Supplements can be both dry and in the form of liquids, but then the flower must first be well watered.
Choosing a Bulb for Planting
In order for hyacinth to grow strong and healthy, you need to choose the right bulbs for planting. Each of them should be dense, smooth and elastic, and the scales on it should be intact and neat. The average diameter is approximately 5 cm, but this is not the main selection criterion.
Transplantation and reproduction
In nature, hyacinths pollinate insects, but at home they will have to do reproduction on their own. Healthy flakes or the so-called “kids” - small onions - are best suited for this. In one season, up to five such children can be collected from a flower, but for this, the main rhizome must be incised, regularly treated with fungicides and monitor the temperature regime.
Pruning after flowering
When the hyacinth fades in the summer and withers, cut off the leaves with a peduncle and dig a bulb. No need to leave them in the ground for the winter - the correct temperature regime is too important. Make sure that the onion is whole, treat it with an antiseptic and store until planting, lowering the temperature from 30 to 18 degrees.
Pest and Disease Control
If hyacinth does not bloom, most likely it does not have enough sun or the temperature regime has lost. The flower does not like strong cold, nor intense heat. If it rots or buds fall, you have problems with watering and fertilizers. The main reason that the leaves turn yellow early is a lack of moisture and drafts, and hyacinth withers due to a lack of sunny color.
Hyacinth - photo
Hyacinth is not a hassle, but this is not the main reason for its popularity. First of all, it is a very bright, beautiful and spectacular plant. Make sure with your own eyes!