Landscaping of the seasonal dacha: 100 beautiful ideas
A crazy rhythm of life, constant noise and hum, thousands of cars - and now I want to escape from the city at least for a while. Fortunately, for a long time a summer residence is not necessarily endless gardening concerns. On your site you can create anything: a playground, a gazebo, a swimming pool, a barbecue area or an artificial pond. And we will tell you how to do it!
Where to begin?
Experienced designers begin working with landscape design with a project - and who we are to argue with them. To do this, you do not need to be an outstanding designer and engineer, it is enough to draw a preliminary draft and mark on it all the functional areas, buildings and communications that you want to see at your home.
If you need a summer house only for a family vacation or outings with friends, give the whole plot under it. Allocate a place for a garage and a bath, consider an option with a pool or a shaded arbor. Ponds, fountains, swings, alpine slides and any other elements that have enough imagination and budget will be appropriate.
If harvesting is the priority, then at least two-thirds of the territory will have to be given over to the garden, garden and greenhouses. Be sure to think of a farm building for storing fertilizers, tools and other little things. And as a recreation area, leave a small gazebo or some cozy benches under a canopy.
Of course, both options can be combined, but the more complex the project, the more carefully it needs to be thought out. Analyze the soil, decide what crops you will grow, and determine for them a place in the sun or in the shade. You can plant beautiful decorative flower beds at fruit and berry trees. Be sure to consider an irrigation system that can be combined with a fountain or artificial pond.
Landscape Design Styles
As in the case of interiors, to landscape design looked neat and harmonious, you need to think through its style. And it’s best to maintain one style throughout the plot - otherwise you can get the effect of “putting on all the best at once”. Let's look at some popular destinations!
Modern and minimalism
Minimalistic landscapes are as simple as possible, and laconicism is compensated by expressive geometry and asymmetry. The design uses natural stone, metal, concrete and other smooth textures. The main color of the plantings is green, but bright-flowering elements are used for contrast. For lighting, modern LED lights and ribbons are good.
The classic in landscape design is a triumph of strict order, absolute symmetry and pronounced centers. Symmetrical labyrinths from the green hedge around the fountain are clearly opposite the entrance - from here. The paths are straight and structured, all flower beds and flower beds are of strict geometric shape. For planting, choose shrubs and trees with a compact crown that can be cut and shaped.
Country Style (Country)
This is the choice of all lovers of home warmth and comfort in the country, and at the same time is one of the simplest and most unpretentious styles. In the country simple forms and materials, dense flower plantings, wooden and forged elements prevail. Arbors and sheds from deliberately coarse timber hide behind bushes and tree crowns. In this landscape design very naturally fit in the garden beds, garden plots and annual flower beds.
If you got a site with slopes, do not rush to smooth it with all possible methods - this is an ideal base for an alpine style. In addition to being very picturesque, it is also unpretentious, because undemanding perennials are used for planting. A lot of stone is used in the design: paths, fences, flowerbeds, streams and bridges, supports, dumps and other structures.
Japanese and Chinese styles
The main elements of the eastern garden are deciduous flowering trees, needles, flowers, moss, stones and pebbles, sand and streams of water. In such a landscape it is always fresh, and it seems slightly “mossy” due to excess moisture. It seems that a view of the ancient castle is about to open.
If the Japanese style is more holistic, then the Chinese gravitates towards a sharp change in landscape. A new zone is visible from each point: a stone garden, high bamboo, pagoda arbor, carved dragons, decorative flower beds. There is no place for symmetry, strict ordering, and the obvious logic of the classical style.
How to visually increase the area of the site?
In order to beautifully and functionally equip a small area, adhere to the main rule - abandon gigantomania. Say no to large buildings, and distribute those that already exist across the territory, alternate with recreation areas and mask shrubs. And do not chase the number of landings - it’s better to think carefully so that they fit together.
Avoid trees with a massive root system and those that eventually become the size of a house. Limit yourself to a group of neat undersized fruit varieties. And surely do not enclose the site with a high blank fence - it will be cramped and gloomy, and not cozy.
To visually increase the space, use smooth and smooth shapes without sharp and aggressive geometry. For example, if the path is winding between flower beds and shrubs. The darkest and most distant corners were highlighted in white or yellow.
Landscaping of a summer cottage - photos and ideas
You can make a site unique in completely different ways, because even the simplest flower garden is designed in hundreds of different ways. If you don’t have enough ideas, don’t worry, a simple observation will help. And so we have already compiled a large selection of photos for inspiration!
Lawns and flower beds
A beautiful and well-groomed lawn can be obtained in the first year, and correctly selected flowers in the flower beds will delight you from early spring until the first frost. At the same time, you can create continuous colorful carpets and flowering decorative hedges.
If you do not like to constantly care for flower beds, take unpretentious perennials. And colors and variety in landscape design can be added with colorful annual varieties. In addition to ordinary flower beds, flowers can be planted with borders, frame lawns with them, or create complex curly and multi-level mixborders.
To make it convenient to walk around the site in rainy autumn and snowy winter, pave the paths in advance. You can decorate them in absolutely every way - concrete, stone, wood, paving slabs, porcelain stoneware or any other materials.
Ponds and fountains
The water on the site creates coolness and freshness, saving from the most terrible summer heat. A plot with a small pond or decorative fountain is instantly transformed. Just do not forget about good waterproofing and drainage system to avoid waterlogging of the territory.
The fence is not at all an insurmountable high monolith around the entire site. Small neat forged or wooden fences are good for flower beds and beds, for zoning a site, arranging arbors or a porch. And from the green hedges they build real labyrinths, like those that used to be surrounded only by magnificent palaces.
To hide from the scorching sun or rain, to read your favorite book in the fresh air or to get together for a mini-picnic in any weather will help a regular gazebo. Its advantage is that it is a capital building, and it does not need to be pulled and cleaned every year, like an awning. And if you want something easier - pay attention to pergolas or green canopies entwined with plants.
Sculptures and figures
Beautiful figures on the site always give it uniqueness and create a special atmosphere. It can be funny village gnomes or elegant Chinese dragons. And you can make such figures yourself from improvised materials - and no one else will have similar ones!
Benches and swings
If you like to relax in nature, it is easier to arrange places for this in advance. Hide in the shade of the garden several neat benches with a back, hang hammocks and put a swing. By the way, they do not have to be childish at all - there are many elegant large models for several people.
Alpine slides are good when you already have real slopes on the site. It will remain to beautifully decorate them with granite, slate, limestone - most importantly with natural stones with a pronounced texture. The crevices between them are filled with a mixture of earth, sand, peat and humus, and then are randomly dotted with plants. Especially spectacular stone slide will complement the same stone small waterfall.
Lighting in landscape design solves several problems at once: it is aesthetics, convenience for residents and optimal conditions for different types of plants. For example, artificial ponds need good lighting so that they do not bloom too much.