Begonia (70 photos): types and features of care
Begonia is one of the most spectacular and elegant home plants. Her flowers are like porcelain, having seen them once, it is difficult to confuse with something else. It is planted in flower beds, parks, gardens and squares. In the world there are about 1000 varieties of begonias and several times more hybrid varieties. There are no two identical flowerpots, each of them is very individual.
Begonia received its name in honor of Michel Begon, a famous botanist and quartermaster of the French fleet. This is a vast and diverse family, so the varieties differ significantly: grassy and bushy, semi-bushy, creeping, tuberous, annual and perennial.
Separately, there are decorative views, remarkable for their large bright colors. And separately - deciduous, with rich bright foliage of saturated shades.
The stems of bushy varieties resemble bamboo. They are resilient and erect. In creeping begonias, they are thin and flexible. In rhizome - thick and mundane. In the gardens, mostly flowering begonias are grown.
Types of begonia
A single generally accepted classification of begonias does not exist. They are divided in appearance, by type of rhizome, type of stems, by growth in pots or open ground.
A leaf variety native to India is considered one of the most beautiful among all hundreds and thousands of varieties. It's all about the spectacular leaves of an unusual color: raspberry, bronze, purple-scarlet. Their size reaches 20x30 cm.
The surface is spotty, with veins and complex transitions. There are hybrid forms with almost black plates. But the flowers of the Royal begonia are unremarkable. They are small and rather inconspicuous.
Caroline leaf begonia
This is one of the most unusual and at the same time the most domestic varieties, he came from Mexico. Wide creeping shoots are covered with original palm-dissected elongated leaves with serrated edges and pronounced veins.
Flowers gather in loose inflorescences. They are rather pale, pinkish-green, but they look very interesting against the background of saturated foliage.
The Mexican variety got its name due to the characteristic coloring of the leaves. The plates themselves are pale green, but dark spots-stripes diverge from the veins.
Tiger begonia is a low shrubs with creeping stems. It is absolutely decorative and almost never occurs in the wild.
The species got its name for the gentle coral shade of peduncles and inflorescences collected in a brush. This is a Brazilian shrub, which under favorable conditions can grow up to a meter. Shoots are hard and erect.
The front side of the leaves is dark with silver spots, and the back is pale. The plate itself is an elongated, pointed shape.
This is the most popular begonia garden variety in the form of a neat small bush up to half a meter. The plant takes on this form over time. Young shoots are erect.
The leaves are round, dense, bright and with a small fluff. Most often they are dark deep green in color, but sometimes they are pale and reddish.
Depending on the variety, the flowers can be ordinary or double. They quickly fade, but almost instantly give way to new ones, so this begonia can bloom all year round.
Ampel begonia is the queen of arches, balconies and terraces. It grows with picturesque hanging cascades and is grown in baskets or planters.
Shades of colors - almost any, in white, red, and yellow colors. They can be of different sizes and textures, from smooth to thick double.
It is a delicate and elegant hybrid, ideal for home seedlings. It pleases with plentiful and frequent flowering, compact size and neat appearance of the bush.
Small, up to 8 cm, heart-shaped leaves grow on fleshy shoots. Their front side is shiny, and the back is matte, almost velvety.
Begonia is quite unpretentious, but it needs stability. Only in this way is the flower really revealed in all its glory. Flowering varieties can delight with a riot of colors throughout the year. And juicy and magnificent deciduous species look luxuriously in green corners.
Begonia is a thermophilic plant. In summer, she feels best at a temperature of 20-23 degrees. In winter, do not allow hypothermia below 15-16.
In view of the love of the tropical climate, flowers need humidity. But spraying the leaves is not recommended. From this they deteriorate and go stained.
Use a humidifier or an additional tray covered with moist expanded clay. So the begonia will have enough moisture, and the root system will remain safe.
The more sunlight, the better. Especially for brightly flowering species. But remember that begonia leaves are delicate. Shade them from too aggressive direct rays.
But deciduous varieties are not so demanding - they have enough diffused light at the eastern or western windows.
Begonia needs plentiful watering. Especially in the hot summer. But don't let the water stagnate: better often, but less. Before the next watering, wait until the topsoil dries. Use only distilled water.
In winter, begonia is at rest, so watering is reduced. And tuberous varieties hibernate altogether. They need to be placed in peat and no longer touch at all.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
Fertilizing is necessary when the begonia has already bloomed. To support this beauty takes a lot of resources. Use additives and impurities once every 2 weeks after the appearance of the first flowers. Just keep in mind that mixtures with nitrogen are suitable only for deciduous species.
To form a magnificent crown, begonia needs to be cut off periodically. Start at the stage of a young flower. Just periodically cut off the top, this stimulates the growth of side branches.
In the future, repeat the procedure as necessary. Trim only the driest or most overgrown stems. If you want, the begonia crown can be formed - then pruning is based on the desired result.
Planting and reproduction
Begonia is propagated by all standard methods: division, cuttings and stems. But different species have their own nuances. Be sure to check them out in advance, otherwise the begonia will not bloom.
The easiest way is with tuber varieties. It is enough to cut, divide and transplant the tubers into the sand mixture in February-May. Just keep in mind that they sprout and root slowly.
For planting begonias, any soil mixture for deciduous plants is suitable. In this matter, she is not demanding. There is no need for a regular transplant. This should be done as the flower grows, so that the root system is comfortable in the flowerpot.
Pest and Disease Control
A set of typical begonia problems is standard for deciduous flowering plants.
- Excess moisture causes fungal diseases and powdery mildew. Check the core of the bush, usually the problem starts from there. For treatment, remove all damaged fragments, reduce watering and treat the flower with antifungal drugs;
- Of the parasites, aphids and spider mites are most common. Use classic insecticides to fight them;
- If the begonia does not bloom or the buds fall, it is most likely cold, windy or not enough light. Try to change the place and do not zealous with top dressing;
- Yellowing leaves - means that begonias do not have enough moisture or fertilizers. Sometimes this is a symptom of pests that destroy the roots. Then you need to clean the rhizome, disinfect it with potassium permanganate and transplant the flower into new soil.
Begonia - photo
Several photos are unable to convey all the beauty and variety of species of begonia. But we have compiled this collection for inspiration and are happy to share it with you!